- Magnetic Particle, Magnetism, NDT, Non-Desturctive Testing
Magnetic Particle Inspection (MPI) is a NDT process for detecting surface and shallow subsurface discontinuities in ferromagnetic materials such as iron, nickel, cobalt, and some of their alloys. The process puts a magnetic field into the part.
But how does magnetism actually work? You’re probably familiar with the basics of magnets already: They have a north pole and a south pole. Two of the same pole will repel each other, while opposites attract. Only certain materials, especially those that contain iron, can be magnets. And there’s a magnetic field around Earth, which is why you can use a compass to figure out which way is north.
This helpful video helps to explain some of the basics of magnetism and magnetic fields: